A. Strategic Framework
The UN Somalia ISF guides the strategic management of UN’s political, development, human rights and security activities in Somalia, taking appropriate account of humanitarian needs and activities. It is also be the basis for on-going discussions at leadership level on UN system-wide challenges and strategies. The ISF is based on a shared conflict analysis and common understanding of the operational environment in Somalia.
The ISF in Somalia should lead to:
– maximising the impact of limited resources based on a clear and mutually reinforcing division of labour amongst the Mission and the AFPs, based on their respective mandates;
– a stronger adherence to, and shared understanding of, the normative framework(s) under which all parts of the UN system operate, making operations politically more astute, consistent and effective;
– the development of common, clear policies around critical, sensitive, political issues with real programmatic implications for all relevant parts of the UN;
– a more informed, more complex and richer understanding of the Somali context across the UN system, even where activities and programmatic responses are distinct or separate;
– a more coherent and focused UN engagement with Somali authorities and international partners on shared strategic objectives.
1) Integration policy
The most recent UN policy on Integrated Assessment and Planning, approved by the Secretary-General on 9 April 2013, states that the development of an Integrated Strategic Framework (ISF) is mandatory to ensure the articulation of a common vision, priorities and responsibilities of the UN in support of peace consolidation, including the linkages to national priorities, strategies and plans. The policy states that:
“Integrated assessment and planning processes are intended to maximise the individual and collective impact of the context-specific peace consolidation activities of the UN system. While there are important systemic constraints to integration within the UN, it is crucial that, at a minimum, the political, peacekeeping, humanitarian, human rights and development entities of the organization share a common analysis and agree on a set of common strategic objectives for peace consolidation as a starting point for planning and implementing their responses in conflict and post-conflict settings.”
2) Somali Compact
On 16 September 2013, the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and the international community endorsed the Somali Compact. The Compact provides an overarching strategy which sets out Somalia’s peacebuilding and statebuilding priorities between 2014 and 2016.It also enshrines principles for a renewed partnership between the Somalia and the international community based on the Busan “New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States”, as set out below:
1) Development is Somali-owned and Somali led;
2) Aid is aligned with overall Government priorities and sector policies and plans;
3) Aid operations are designed and delivered in partnership with government institutions;
4) Aid is provided in line with the government budget cycle and helps to strengthen government Public Financial Management (PFM) systems;
1These draw on the analytical work of Ken Menkhaus and Tamara Hallaq.
5) Aid is channelled through preferred instruments of the government;
6) Aid supports institutional capacity development;
7) Aid is provided in a coherent and coordinated way and fragmentation is avoided;
8) Aid is transparent and predictable;
9) Aid is provided in a conflict sensitive manner.
The Somali Compact articulates five Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals (PSGs). These PSGs are elaborated and their implementation coordinated through Working Groups led by the FGS, which include representatives of the Somali Regions, interim regional administrations, federal states, international partners including the UN, Parliament and civil society. The PSGs are: Inclusive Politics (PSG1), Security (PSG2), Justice (PSG3),Economic foundations (PSG4) and Revenues and Services (PSG5). The Compact includes cross-cutting issues: gender, capacity development; bringing tangible results to the people (stabilisation); respect for human rights and external relations. It also includes a Special Arrangement for Somaliland that takes into consideration its specific priorities and needs.
The UN has endorsed the Compact and the UN Somalia ISF sets out the UN’s role in implementing the Compact. It is guided by the Compact partnership principles, and aligns UN activity with the Compact priorities. It also takes into account the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and operational independence stipulated in General Assembly Resolutions 46/182 and 58/114.
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